For commercial shipping purposes, the Hudson River is kept at a depth of 12 feet in the area between Hudson Falls to Albany, New York. In the Lower Hudson river, the depth is at least 32 feet for commercial shipping from the Portal of Albany to New York City but it can be as deep as200 feet in some places. The majority of the Hudson River Basin lies within New York state but touches parts of Vermont, Massachusetts, New Jersey and Connecticut.
The river basin is broke upon into three parts: the upper and lower Hudson River and the Mohawk River basins. The source of the 315 mile Hudson River Basin is the Lake Tear of Clouds, located in the Adirondack Mountains about 4,322 feet above sea level. The rivers travels south to southeast out of the mountainous area through what is mainly forestland. When the river reaches Hudson Falls, it drops to about 200 feet above see level.
The river received its name from the man who explored it in 1609, Henry Hudson, who was an Englishman who was sailing for the Dutch East India Company. The first person to have ever seen the Hudson was Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano in 1524. More recently, on January 15, 2009, US Airways Flight 1549 was ditched into the Hudson River after the airplane was stuck multiple times by birds. The pilot was able to land the plane and everyone was able to leave the plane safely.